NPCs who have AI packages for mining (using cutter against rocks) will use equipped weapons to attempt to mine instead of a cutter if that is what they have equipped.
Issue is caused by the logic used in the AI package which allows for any ranged weapon to be used for the package. The NPC will use whatever range weapon is equipped.
Fix I came up with: https://www.nexusmods.com/starfield/mods/7459
Attack miner, let them pull out a weapon. Pacify miner by whatever means and wait for miner to return to mining AI package. They will use any ranged weapon that is equipped.